A career is an individual’s journey through learning, work and other aspects of life. There are
a number of ways to define a career and the term is used in a variety of ways.

Definitions and etymology
Career is defined by the Oxford English Dictionary as a person ‘s “course or progress through life (or a distinct portion of life)”. In this definition career is understood to relate to a range of aspects of an individual’s life, learning and work. Career is also frequently understood to relate to the working
aspects of an individuals life e.g. as in career vwoman . A third way in which the term career is
used to describe an occupation or a profession that usually involves special training or formal
education, and is considered to be a person’s lifework. In this case “a career” is seen as a
sequence of related jobs usually pursued within a single industry or sector e.g. “a career in law” or
“a career in the building trade”. The etymology of the term comes from the French word carriere (“road, racecourse”) which, in turn, comes from the Latin word “(via)
cararia” (track for wheeled vehicles) which originated from the Latin word carrus” which means “wagon”.
By the late 20th century, a wide range of choices (especially in the range of potential professions )
and more widespread education had allowed it to become possible to plan (or design) a career: in
this respect the careers of the career counselor and of the career advisor have grown up. It is also not
uncommon for adults in the late 20th/early 21st centuries to have dual or multiple careers, either
sequentially or concurrently. Thus, professional identities have become hyphenated or hybridized
to reflect this shift in work ethic. Economist Richard Florida notes this trend generally and more
specifically among the ” creative class “.

Career choice
According to Behling and others, an individual’s decision to join a firm may depend on any of the three factors viz. objective factor, subjective factor and critical contact.
Objective factor theory assumes that the applicants are rational. The choice, therefore, is exercised after an objective assessment of the tangible benefits of the job. Factors may include the salary, other benefits, location, opportunities for career advancement, etc.
Subjective factor theory suggests that decisionmaking is dominated by social and psychological factors. The status of the job, reputation of the organization and other similarfactors plays an important role.
Critical contact theory advances the idea that a candidate’s observations while interacting with
the organization plays a vital role in decision making. For example, how the recruiter keeps in
touch with the candidate, the promptness of response and similar factors are important. This
theory is more valid with experienced professionals.

These theories assume that candidates have a free choice of employers and careers. In reality the
scarcity of jobs and strong competition for desirable jobs severely skews the decision making
process. In many markets employees work particular careers simply because they were forced
to accept whatever work was available to them.
Additionally, Ott-Holland and colleagues found that culture can have a major influence on career
choice, depending on the type of culture.
When choosing a career that’s best for you, according to US News, there are multiple things to
consider. Some of those include: natural talents, work style, social interaction, work-life balance,
whether or not you are looking to give back,whether you are comfortable in the public eye,
dealing with stress or not, and finally, how much money you want to make. If choosing a career
feels like too much pressure, here’s another option: pick a path that feels right today by making the best decision you can, and know that you can change your mind in the future. In today’s
workplace, choosing a career doesn’t necessarily mean you have to stick with that line of work for
your entire life. Make a smart decision, and plan to re-evaluate down the line based on your long-term objectives.


2 responses

    • The communication system enables the successful
      transmission of idea or any other important
      information among individuals. The person from
      whom the thought originates carefully encodes his
      ideas into a sensible content which is now ready to
      be shared with everyone. He is commonly referred
      to as the sender and the other party who receives
      the information from him is called the receiver or
      the recipient. The free flow of information between
      the sender and the receiver takes place because of
      the communication system.
      The flow of information can be between two
      individuals. The information can flow from the
      individual to a machine, from the machine to the
      individual and even between two machines.
      Machines coupled together through networks also
      provide signals for the individuals to respond, thus
      a type of communication system. In the above
      cases all the machines must work on similar lines
      and patterns, must be technically compatible and
      has to provide the same information, so that the
      individuals can decode the information well.
      Let us study the various types of communication
      system for the smooth flow of information
      between two parties .
      1. Optical Communication System
      The word “Optical” stands for light. As the name
      itself suggests, optical communication system
      depends on light as the medium for
      communication. In an optical communication
      system the transmitter converts the information
      into an optical signal (signal in the form of light)
      and finally the signal then reaches the recipient.
      The recipient then decodes the signal and
      responds accordingly. In optical communication
      system, light helps in the transmission of
      information. The safe landing of helicopters and
      aeroplanes work on the above principle. The pilots
      receive light signals from the base and decide their
      next movements. On the roads, red light
      communicates the individual to immediately stop
      while the individual moves on seeing the green
      In this mode of communication light travels
      through the optical fibre.
      2.Radio Communication System
      In the radio communication system the information
      flows with the help of a radio. Radio
      communication system works with the aid of a
      transmitter and a receiver both equipped with an
      The transmitter with the help of an antenna
      produces signals which are carried through radio
      carrier wave. The receiver also with the help of an
      antenna receives the signal. Some information is
      unwanted and must be discarded and hence the
      electronic filters help in the separation of radio
      signals from other unwanted signals which are
      further amplified to an optimum level Finally the
      signals are decoded in an information which can
      be easily understood by the individuals for them to
      respond accordingly.
      3.Duplex communications system
      In Duplex communications system two equipments
      can communicate with each other in both the
      directions simultaneously and hence the name
      Duplex. When you interact with your friend over the
      telephone, both of you can listen to each other at
      the same time. The sender sends the signals to the
      receiver who receives it then and there and also
      give his valuable feedback to the speaker for him
      to respond. Hence the communication actually
      takes place between the speaker and the receiver
      In the Duplex communication system, two devices
      can communicate with each other at the same
      A type of communication system involves the
      sender and the receiver where the sender is in
      charge of sending signals and the recipients only
      listen to it and respond accordingly. Such
      communication is also called Simplex
      communication system.
      4. Half Duplex Communication System
      In half Duplex communication system, both the
      two parties can’t communicate simultaneously.
      The sender has to stop sending the signals to the
      recipient and then only the recipient can respond.
      A walkie talkie works on the half duplex
      communication system. The military personnel
      while interacting has to say “Over” for the other
      person to respond. He needs to speak the security
      code correctly for the other person to speak. The
      other party will never communicate unless and
      until the code is correct and complete.
      5.Tactical Communication System
      Another mode of communication is the tactical
      mode of communication. In this mode of
      communication, communication varies according
      to the changes in the environmental conditions and
      other situations.
      All the above modes of communication work for a
      common objective ie to transfer the information
      from one party to the other party. The various
      models of communication system help us to
      understand the route of flow of information from
      the sender to the recipients through some


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